Peqin, Albania: A Historical Gem Along the Shkumbin River

Nestled between the towns of Elbasan and Rrogozhina, the city of Peqin (also known historically as Claudiana) stands as a testament to Albania’s rich past and cultural heritage. Let’s delve into the fascinating history, landmarks, and present-day charm of this captivating city.

Geography and Location

Peqin is situated in the central part of Albania, along the banks of the Shkumbin River. Its strategic position made it an important hub along ancient trade routes, including the renowned Egnatia road.

Historical Significance

  1. Illyrian Origins: Archaeological evidence suggests that Peqin was an ancient Illyrian settlement. Its existence dates back to some of the earliest civilizations in the region.
  2. Roman Influence: During the construction of the Egnatia road, Peqin gained prominence as a Roman outpost. The road connected the Adriatic Sea to the Aegean Sea, passing through the heart of the city.
  3. Klaudiana: Known as Claudiana during the Roman era, Peqin played a crucial role in connecting the western and eastern parts of the Roman Empire. The road facilitated trade, communication, and cultural exchange.

Peqin Castle: A Living Monument

The Peqin Castle, a centuries-old structure, stands proudly as a cultural monument. Here are some highlights:

  • Origins: While its exact origins remain debated, the castle likely had Roman roots. It was later reconstructed during the Ottoman period.
  • Architecture: The castle walls, once towering at around 12 meters, enclosed a saray (palace) and a harem. Demir Pasha, a notable historical figure, was the last inhabitant of the castle.
  • Escape Tunnels: Intriguing underground tunnels served as escape routes during times of conflict. These hidden passages add an air of mystery to the castle.

Present-Day Peqin

As we explore Peqin today, we find a blend of history and modern life:

  • Marketplace: At the entrance to the castle, a bustling makeshift market welcomes visitors. Here, locals sell fresh produce, crafts, and other goods.
  • Horse-Drawn Carts: The high gate of the castle now serves as a resting spot for horse-drawn carts—a charming nod to the past.

Exploring Peqin

Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a curious traveler, or a local resident, Peqin offers a unique experience. Wander through its narrow streets, imagine the bustling Roman road, and appreciate the resilience of this remarkable city.

Remember to visit the official website of Peqin for more information and stay updated on their Facebook page. You can also watch a video tour of Peqin on YouTube.

Peqin—a hidden gem waiting to be explored! 🏰🌟


  1. “Peqin.” Wikipedia. Link
  2. “Peqin Castle.” Visit Albania. Link
  3. “Peqin Castle.” Albania Adventure. Link
  4. “Peqin Castle.” Atlas Obscura. Link
  5. Video: “Peqin – Klaudiana.” YouTube. Link






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